Emergency Planning Information
What is Emergency Planning?
Emergency Planning is the process of assessing risks, creating plans for identified risks and implementing mitigation measures to better prepare a community for an incident. It is important to note that emergency planning does not remove a hazard or threat; the process is focused on creating plans that can be used to assist in mitigating effects to the community as a result of an incident.
What is an emergency?
The official definition (as laid out by the Civil Contingencies Secretariat) for an emergency is as follows:
- An event or situation which threatens serious damage to human welfare;
- An event or situation which threatens serious damage to the environment;
- War or terrorism, which threatens serious damage to national security
An emergency is typically an incident of major significance with noticeable effects to large number of people and carries the potential risk to life, property and/or environment. It will require a response beyond the everyday resources of the emergency services and those organisations and departments that support them.
An emergency can take the form of:
- Severe weather
- Industrial accidents
- Transport accidents (road, rail or air)
- Technological incidents (power network failure, utilities etc.)
- Man-made incidents (for example terrorism)
The Civil Contingencies Act 2004
The Civil Contingencies Act 2004 delivers a framework for civil protection in the United Kingdom designed to meet the challenges of the 21st century (superseding the Civil Defence Act )
It improves our ability to deal with the consequences of a disruptive incident by supporting the planning process at a local level, building better partnership working between responder agencies and strengthening the link between councils and central government.
Local authorities have 7 duties under the Act:
- Assess the risk of an incident occurring and apply to contingency planning. This is collated at a local level to form a Community Risk Register
- Implement emergency plans
- Implement internal business continuity management arrangements
- Implement the arrangement of information available to the public on ‘warning and informing’ before, during and after an incident
- Share information with partner agencies to enhance coordination of response
- Cooperate with other responding agencies to enhance coordination and efficiency
- Provide advice and assistance to local businesses and voluntary organisations to develop business continuity management plans